Aleksander II, Emperor of Russia, approved the building of a hospital in the Shchipok Street
The hospital was joined with the All-Union Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine n.a. A.M. Gorky
An evacuation hospital offering area medical support to Soviet Union Military units was deployed during the Great Patriotic War
The Institute of Experimental and Clinical Surgery of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences was established
The Institute was named after A.V. Vishnevsky, a frontier surgeon and researcher.
A.V. Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery became National Medical Research Center of Surgery